The Flora and Fauna of Golf Chumann Ceann Sibéal

Golf courses are often criticised by environmental groups for causing loss of biodiversity, especially in the local flora. This is put down to widespread use of pesticides, fungicides, weedkillers and fertiliser, and the promotion of grass monocultures, all of which will certainly reduce the nos. of species of flowers and of insects and larger the larger animals that feed on them.

However, Ceann Sibéal can reliably claim that this is NOT the case on our course, and probably quite the reverse. Although we have about 120 acres of land only about 18 acres of this is cut and even less receives any application of weedkiller. Fungicides, pesticides and fertiliser are only really used on the greens – a tiny area.

Before the course was developed the land was farmland – grazed by sheep (mostly) and cattle, and if the course were to close it would undoubtedly return to farmland. Farming of course means intensive use of fertiliser and other chemicals, and results in serious loss of biodiversity.

Wild flowersOver three years around 1990 I identified a total of 108 wild plant species growing inside our boundaries, and I list them below. I used the Collins paperback “Wild Flowers of Britain and Northern Europe”, second edition, and the page nos. refer to that book. Many of the flowers themselves are quite small, and not always easy to spot.

p 38 Nettle

p 40 Redshank Knotgrass
p 42 Black Bindweed
p 44 Common Sorrel Curled Dock
p 46 Fat Hen Fig-Leaved |Goosefoot
p 52 Thyme-leaved Sandwort Mossy Sandwort
p 54 Common Chickweed Common Mouse-ear
p 56 Procumbent Pearlwort
p 60 Ragged Robin
p 68 Meadow Buttercup Bulbous Buttercup Lesser Spearwort
Lesser Celandine
p 78 Wall Fumitory
p 86 Common Wintercress
p 88 Wild Turnip
p 90 Cuckoo Flower Watercress
p 96 Shepherd’s Purse
p 98 Field Pennycress
p 106 Meadowsweet
p 108 Bramble
p 112 Creeping Cinquefoil Silverweed
p 122 Tufted Vetch
p 124 Tufted Vetchling
p 126 Rest-harrow Kidney Vetch
p 128 Birdsfoot Trefoil Narrow-leaved Birdsfoot Trefoil
Black Medick Lesser Trefoil
p 130 Red Clover
p 132 Purging Flax
p 134 Hedgerow Cranesbill Small-flowered Cranesbill
p 136 Portland Spurge Sun Spurge
p 138 Common Milkwort
p 142 Common Mallow
p 144 Square Stalked St. John’s Wort
p 150 Broad-leaved Willowherb Marsh Willowherb
Alpine Willowherb Purple Loosestrife
p 156 Wild Carrot
p 158 Moon Carrot
p 160 Angelica
p 164 Scots Loveage
p 174 Primrose Cowslip
p 178 Brookweed Scarlet Pimpernel Bog Pimpernel
p 180 Common Centaury Lesser Centaury
p 184 Common Dodder Squinancywort
p 186 Lady’s Bedstraw Common Cleavers
p 190 Forgetmenot
p 196 Common Skullcap
p 198 Selfheal
p 200 Red Dead-nettle Red Hemp-nettle
p 204 Water Mint Wild Thyme
p 212 Red Bartsia
p 214 Common Field Spearwell Thyme-leaved Spearwell
p 216 Eyebright Irish Eyebright Yellow Rattle
p 220 Greater Plantain Ribwort Plantain
p 224 Field Scabious Devilsbit Scabious
p 232 Daisy Pineapple Mayweed
p 238 Yarrow
p 240 Ox-eye Daisy Coltsfoot
p 242 Ragwort Groundsel
p 244 Lesser Burdock
p 246 Creeping Thistle Spear Thistle Slender Thistle
p 248 Black Knapweed
p 252 Smooth Sow-thistle Perennial Sow-thistle
p 254 Dandelion Red-veined Dandelion Common Catsear
Lesser Hawkbit Smooth Hawksbeard
p 256 Marsh Hawksbeard
p 272 Montbretia
p 278 Pyramidal Orchid Northern Marsh Orchid
p 286 Coral Root Orchid
p 292 Marestail
p 298 Marsh Horsetail

Garry Partington

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